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Child Sexual Abuse - Grooming

  • Perpetrators of child sexual abuse (CSA) may gain the trust of potential child victims and their caregivers by methodically “grooming” them.
  • This process begins with identifying potential victims, gaining their trust, and breaking down their defenses.
  • Grooming also occurs with child’s parents/caregivers.
  • Grooming helps the offender gain access to the victim, and sets up a relationship grounded in secrecy so that the crime is less likely to be discovered.


  • Identifying and targeting the victim
  • Gaining trust and access
  • Playing a role in the child’s life
  • Isolating the child
  • Creating secrecy around the relationship
  • Initiating sexual contact
  • Controlling the relationship